Once upon a time, we had local area networks (LANs). Now we have intranets. The difference appears to be that LANs were based on proprietary products while intranets use the open standards of the Internet. For a long time, the undisputed champion of LANs was Novell Netware. Now Novell has turned to the Internet, as have nearly all other LAN vendors. For the UUASC July meeting, Robert Sale from Novell will discuss Internet and intranet applications. He will focus on how such applications work with system resources such as Sun Microsystems's Java and Novell's NDS (originally Netware Directory Services, but sometimes called just Novell Directory Services or Network Directory Services).